Definition

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection is common disease among pregnant women that can be passed on to their newborn babies. It is caused by the Gram-positive bacteria named Steptoccocus agalacticae. The bacteria is usually characterized by the prevalence of Group B Lancefield antigen, thus the name Group B Streptoccocus.

Diagnosis

There are usually no symptoms of the disease; only immediate effects such as ruptures during labor can determine the presence of GBS. Babies who are diagnosed with diseases such as meningitis may also have acquired it through GBS.

Treatment

GBS can be swabbed out the woman's vaginal area during neonatal or antenatal checkups. Intravenous antibiotics are also given to women affected by the infection.

Symptoms

GBS is a bacterial disease that thrives in a woman's vagina or rectal area.

Causes

GBS is determined through prenatal, neonatal and antenatal diagnostic tests.