Gestational diabetes mellitus or Gestational diabetes is a diabetis that women during their level of pregnancy acquire exhibiting high blood glucose. It is the glucose intolerance in any degree which is found during the pregnancy. The patient may have gotten the diabetes mellitus previously without knowing. It may have also been aquired during the time that they are pregnant.
Gestational diabetes mellitus only shows a few symptoms. The signs of the disease can be found on the blood screening which is done during pregnancy to detect high levels of glucose.
This disease can be treated by controlling the glucose levels. This will reduce the risk for the mother and the child that can lead to a serious fetal complication. A change to the diet and regular exercise can also help improve the patient's condition. For some women, the antidiabetic drugs or insulin will be needed as well. Monitoring the blood glucose levels on a regular basis is also crucial.
Since Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is a symptomatic illness, clinical assessment is needed for screening the glucose in plasma and serum. There is also a need for Urinary glucose testing as well as oral glucose tolerance test.